Angevin Commonwealth: Henry II (1154-89); policies in England, Ireland and Gascony

"The term Angevin Empire is a modern term describing the collection of states once ruled by the Angevin Plantagenet dynasty.
The Plantagenets ruled over an area stretching from the Pyrenees to Ireland during the 12th and early 13th centuries. This "empire" extended over roughly half of medieval France, all of England, and nominally all of Ireland. However, despite the extent of Plantagenet rule, they were defeated by the King of France, Philip II Augustus of the House of Capet, which left the empire split in two, having lost the provinces of Normandy and Anjou. This defeat, after which the ruling Plantagenets retained their English territories and the French province of Gascony, set the scene for the Saintonge and the Hundred Years' War."

"The Angevin Empire is a neologism defining the lands of the Plantagenets: Henry II and his sons Richard I and John. Another son Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany ruled Brittany and established a separate line there. As far as historians know, there was no contemporary term for the region under Angevin control; however descriptions such as "our kingdom and everything subject to our rule whatever it may be" were used.[1] The term Angevin Empire was coined byKate Norgate in her 1887 publication, England under the Angevin Kings.[2] In France, the term Espace Plantagenêt(Plantagenet Area) is sometimes used to describe the fiefdoms the Plantagenets had acquired.[3]
The adoption of the Angevin Empire label marked a re-evaluation of the times, considering that both English and French influence spread throughout the dominion in the half century during which the union lasted. The term Angevinitself is the adjective applied to the residents of Anjou and its historic capital, Angers; the Plantagenets were descended from Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, hence the term.[4]"

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The extent of the Angevin Empire around 1172
The extent of the Angevin Empire around 1172

Read the History of the English Peoole at Project Gutenberg. Read it online, or download this epub file.
Read Chapter IV, THE ANGEVIN KINGS 1189-1204

Read Mirrors for Princes: Henry II and the Succession to the Angevin Empire
By Jacob Deacon at MEDIEVALISTS.NET ( SEPTEMBER 14, 2014)
"...Perhaps the most well-known example of Henry’s failure at integrating his sons into the rule of the Angevin Empire (and perhaps also the most problematic) was the revolt led against him by his children in 1173. Whilst
Henry was busy securing domains for Richard, Geoffrey, and John, he was ignoring the desires of his eldest son, Henry, also known as the Young King. Despite his coronation in 1170, this new title had not come with any
new lands or powers, and somewhat understandably, this caused the Young King to feel jealous of his younger brothers. Richard, for example, had been appointed Duke of Aquitaine in 1172, and not long after John was
given Chinon, Loudun, and Mirebeau; all castles which the Young King regarded as his inheritance[4]. This proved to be the last straw for the Young King, who felt that his brothers now possessed an unacceptable level of
wealth and power than, far eclipsing his own resources and influence..."

Read The Fall of the Angevin Empire By John Gillingham History Today, Vol.36 No.4 (1986)

King-John-of-England.jpg"A damned inheritance, hopelessly over-extended and out-resourced by the kings of France? Or an effective empire thrown away by incompetence and harshness? John Gillingham
weighs the blame for John's loss of the Angevin dominions."

When-banquets-were-dangerous-for-the-soul-650x464.jpgRead Serving the man that ruled: aspects of the domestic arrangements of the household of King John, 1199-1216
by Henrietta Kaye
University of East Anglia: Doctor of Philosophy, School of History, September (2013)
King John played a direct role in the domestic arrangements of his household. He shifted the function of officials, moulded the structure of household offices and took personal control over the purveyance of food, wine and luxuries. During his reign, John adapted his household to suit his circumstances and personal method of ruling. These findings reveal that a medieval king could be directly involved in the minutiae of his domestic establishment; this is an aspect of kingship not previously noticed by historians. It is upon these findings that this thesis makes its greatest original contribution to our understanding of the period. To reach these conclusions, this thesis examines the officials at court and in the localities who enabled the domestic side of the household to function effectively. Hitherto, the medieval royal household of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries has been studied as part of the wider system of Angevin government.

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The Plantagenets - 1 The Devil's Brood

The Plantagenets - S01 - E01 - The Devil's Brood par internet_mails
Professor Robert Bartlett tells the extraordinary story of England's most dysfunctional, yet longest-ruling, royal dynasty. Henry II forges a mighty empire encompassing England and much of France. His sons, Richard the Lionheart and John, then turn on their father and each other, bringing the dynasty to the edge of annihilation.

The Plantagenets - 2 An English Empire

The Plantagenets - S01 - E02 - An English Empire par internet_mails
Professor Robert Bartlett continues the remarkable story of the Plantagenets. England's longest-reigning royal dynasty fights to expand their power across the British Isles, and win back their lands in France.In this golden age of chivalry, a clear sense of English nationhood emerges and parliament is born.

The Plantagenets - 3 The Death Of Kings

The Plantagenets - S01 - E03 - The Death Of Kings par internet_mails
Professor Robert Bartlett charts the downfall of the Plantagenet dynasty. In the last century of their rule, four Plantagenet kings are violently deposed and murdered by members of their own family. It is thebloodiest episode in the entire history of the English monarchy. As the Plantagenets turn in on themselves, England is dragged into decades of brutal civil war.